Cultural Paper

by No Name Given

Original Text:


This cultural paper will explore at the performance of kecak dance and how the modernization has changed the face of kecak in the contexts of musical instruments, costumes, and the use of narrative. These dramatic innovations allow a certain amount of flexibility to introduce new ideas creatively into the performance in response to the audience’s requirements without sacrificing the aesthetic principles. Kecak which also known as "monkey dance" due to the similarity with monkey's movements, originated from Gianyar village of Bedulu in Bali, Indonesia. According to Claudia Orenstein, kecak was created by a Balinese dancer, I Wayan Limbak, and a German expatriate artist, Walter Spies in 1930s, due to the influence of the ritual dance which called sanghyang. sanghyang is a Balinese ritual originating from the pre-Hindu traditions in order to entertain the gods which performed on the fire by two girls who were virgins. Based on this, they adopted sanghyang ritual to become performing arts that would be easily accepted to the public for display in various countries in Europe under the kecak dance. The name of kecak which derived from the sound "cak" is chanted by the dancers in complex patterns like the rhythmic on gamelan.

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Revised Text:

This cultural paper will explore the performance of Kecak dance and how modernization has changed the face of Kecak in the contexts of musical instruments, costumes, and the use of narrative.

These dramatic innovations allow a certain amount of flexibility to introduce new ideas creatively into the performance in response to the audience’s requirements without sacrificing the aesthetic principles.

Kecak, which is also known as "monkey dance" due to the similarity with monkey's movements, originated in Gianyar village of Bedulu in Bali, Indonesia. According to Claudia Orenstein, Kecak was created by a Balinese dancer, I Wayan Limbak, and a German expatriate artist, Walter Spies, in the 1930s, influenced by the ritual dance called Sanghyang.

Sanghyang is a Balinese ritual originating in pre-Hindu traditions for entertaining the gods and was performed on a fire by two girls who were virgins. Based on this, Limbak and Spies adapted the Sanghyang ritual to become a performing art that would be easily accepted by the public when displayed in various countries in Europe under the name "kecak Dance."

The name "Kecak" was derived from the sound "cak" that is chanted by the dancers in complex patterns, like the rhythmic in Gamelan.

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