Introduction

Original Text: Introduction


The term of plastic has attracted more attention in the literature for the past 100 years since the introduction of the first industrial plastic at the latter part of the 19th century. John Wesley Hyatt, an American, finally came upon the solution in year 1869 with celluloid which makes its debut in plastic industry (McCord, 1964). Ever since after, there have been several milestones in the history of material science as the invention of plastic has, arguably, touched more lives than any other technological breakthrough.
Plastics play a significant role across the environmental, societal and economic dimensions of sustainable development. Our modern lifestyle would not be possible without plastics. Plastics have proliferated so readily throughout the modern world because of their inherent properties such as lightweight, versatility and durability (Fortelný et. al., 2004). By possessing these advantageous characteristics, plastics has become a good candidate for replacement of other materials that range from simple plastic parts such as household storage containers, to sophisticated devices such as heart replacement valves. It is this range of properties together with their low cost that has driven the annual worldwide demand for plastics to reach at least 308 million tonnes by 2010 (Andrady and Neal, 2009).

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Revised Text:


The word "plastic" has attracted much attention in the literature of the past 100 years, since the introduction of the first industrial plastic in the latter part of the 19th century. John Wesley Hyatt, an American, finally came upon a solution in the year 1869 with celluloid, which made its debut in the plastics industry (McCord, 1964).

Since then, there have been several milestones in the history of material science, and the invention of plastic has arguably touched more lives than any other technological breakthrough. Plastics play a significant role across environmental, societal and economic dimensions of sustainable development. Our modern lifestyle would not be possible without plastics.

Plastics have proliferated so readily throughout the modern world because of their inherent properties such as; light weight, versatility and durability (Fortelný et. al., 2004). By possessing these advantageous characteristics, plastics have become a good candidate for replacement of other materials ranging from simple plastic parts, such as household storage containers, to sophisticated devices such as heart replacement valves. It is this range of properties, together with its low cost, that has driven the annual worldwide demand for plastics to reach at least 308 million tonnes by 2010 (Andrady and Neal, 2009).

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